The Earth, Moon and Sun

An inquiry approach is used to investigate the moon phases and the seasons on Earth.

  • Students observe the phases of the moon
  • Students use models to understand the reasons for the phases of the moon and the seasons on Earth

Maps to year 7 Earth and space sciences

Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and the moon



  • investigating natural phenomena such as lunar and solar eclipses, seasons and phases of the moon
  • comparing times for the rotation of Earth, the sun and moon, and comparing the times for the orbits of Earth and the moon
  • modelling the relative movements of the Earth, sun and moon and how natural phenomena such as solar and lunar eclipses and phases of the moon occur
  • explaining why different regions of the Earth experience different seasonal conditions